Kind en adolescent — Jrg. 36 (2015) Nr. 1

Videospellen: de positieve effecten
Isabela Granic, Adam Lobel, Marlou Poppelaars, Rutger C.M.E. Engels
Nearly all children and adolescents play video games, with up to 99 % of boys and 94 % of girls in the United States doing so. Research into the effects of video games has almost exclusively focused on negative effects (e.g. aggression and addiction). However, a full understanding of the impact of video games requires this research to be supplemented with research into the benefits of playing video games. This is particularly important since video games have diversified in the last decade and now include more realistic, complex and social game content. In this article we aim to summarize the emerging body of research on the benefits of playing video games. We focus on four domains in which benefits may occur: cognitive, motivational, emotional, and social. Possible mechanisms are discussed that may underlie the generalization of positive effects of video games on real-world benefits. Our aim is to inspire new research into the potentially positive effects of video games on mental health and we call on intervention researchers and practitioners to put these effects to the test.

De BIC-Q: een instrument om de kwaliteit van de opvoedingsomgeving van asielzoekerskinderen in kaart te brengen
A. Elianne Zijlstra, Margrite E. Kalverboer, Wendy J. Post, Mijntje D.C. ten Brummelaar, Erik J. Knorth
The Best Interest of the Child Questionnaire (BIC-Q) is an instrument that measures the quality of the childrearing environment of vulnerable children as observed by behavioural scientists. The questionnaire is based on pedagogical, psychological and legal principles. It is assumed that the psychosocial functioning of a child is related to the quality of the childrearing environment in which it grows up. Based on this assumption, the aim of the present study is to determine the criterion-oriented validity of the BIC-Q on a specific group of minors: asylum-seeking children requesting a residence permit in the Netherlands (N = 79). In addition to the BIC-Q, a questionnaire for psychosocial functioning of children is used (VSPS). Logistic regression analysis shows—as expected—that the current quality of the childrearing environment is negatively related to the risk of internalizing behavioural problems in children. The ROC-curve demonstrates that the BIC-Q has a good power of discernment: 81 % of the children are correctly classified regarding their demonstrating internalizing behavioural problems or otherwise. We discuss the implications and scope of the study and formulate recommendations for further study.

Hoe houd ik mijn zelfbeeld op peil? Over het reguleren van de zelfwaardering
Drs. Max G. Güldner, Dr. Hedy Stegge
In two studies with the same survey population we examined the use and effectiveness of various self-regulation strategies on the recovery of self-esteem after a shameful experience. 533 children aged 10 to 13 years at twelve regular elementary schools participated in the studies. In study 1, the children were asked for their opinion on the use and effectiveness of defensive and compassion self-regulation strategies. In study 2 we tested in an experimental setup whether self-compassion and positive self-statements are more effective than a defensive self-regulation strategy. The results support the beneficial effect of some self-regulation strategies and the lack of effect of the defensive strategy. Children with healthy self-esteem tend to make use of a compassion self-regulation strategy unlike children with vulnerable positive self-esteem (study 1). Positive self-statements are more effective than defensive strategies, and this is true to a lesser extent for self-compassion for the recovery of self-esteem (study 2).

ADHD: van DSM-IV-TR naar DSM-5
Dieter Baeyens

De kwetsbare onderzoeker
Hans Grietens

Van Delden, P. (2014). Steunend stelsel. Transformatie van het sociale domein.
Harrie M.P. van Leeuwen